Brinkmann Gynaecology

Gynaecological cancers: fast facts

The five gynaecological cancers start in the female reproductive system - ovary, cervix, womb, vulva and vagina.

-  Most are found in women over 50, apart from cervical cancer which is most common between 30 and 45 years of age.  Cervical cancer is very rare in women under 25 years but can occur and the incidence of other gynaecological cancers in women over 50 has been rising.

-  Awareness of gynaecological cancers is very low and some can be difficult for the patient to spot or doctors to diagnose because they share their symptoms with other common conditions.

-  Endometrial cancer has recently become the most common gynaecological cancer, largely because the population is getting heavier.

-  One third of all cancers are preventable through healthy lifestyle choices.  Obesity and smoking are high risk factors for a number of gynaecological cancers and cervical cancer is largely preventable through screening and early treatment.

-  Cervical cancer is the only gynaecological cancer with a national screening programme.  Cervical screening (the smear test) is available to women from their mid twenties to mid sixties.

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